For some reason, the Christian commitment to the Bible as the word of God is a confusing concept for non-Christians. They see it as a strange, antiquated, quasi-idolatrous devotion that is out of sync with the modern world. After all, people today are no longer dogmatically devoted to absolute authorities. Are they?
In a recent article on the Huffington Post, evolutionary naturalist Michael Dowd makes the argument that Christianity’s biggest liability is, well, the Bible. The problem with the Bible (or at least how Christians use the Bible) is that (a) it is seen as absolute, dogmatic, and unchanging (science, on the other hand, is something that will “expand and evolve”; and (b) it is filled with teachings that “modern sensibilities rightly recognize as morally repugnant” and that have been used to justify “abuse and terror, torture and execution.”
These sorts of arguments are not new, but are used frequently by those in the “new atheist” movement such as Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, and Christopher Hitchens. Although they have been answered many times before, we shall answer them again here.
First, the claim that the Bible should be rejected on the grounds that it is an unchanging and absolute authority is a strange one given that Dowd never provides a reason for why this is a problem. Why should we prefer changing authorities over unchanging ones? Dowd himself might prefer authorities that change, but that is not an argument. Why should his personal preferences rule the day? He simply states that this is the way it should be without giving any reason at all. Perhaps the real (and absolute) authority here is Dowd himself.
In addition, his claim that evolutionary science is committed to changing and evolving (and therefore not subject to the charge of dogmatism) is bizarre at best. Evolutionary dogma rules the modern academy with an iron fist—you can question just about anything in science except evolution itself. It is an absolute, unquestionable fact. One should not chide Christians for commitment to a dogmatic authority when one has their own commitment to one.
Second, Dowd’s rejection of the Bible on moral grounds runs into enormous problems. If he wants to take the moral high ground and critique the Bible for being immoral, then he clearly must have access to some absolute moral standard in the universe that tells him the Bible is mistaken. But where does Dowd get these absolute moral norms? Of course, he never tells us. Moreover, if evolutionary naturalism were true, why would there even be such a thing as morality? On an evolutionary world there are no “right” or “wrong” actions, there are just actions.
Thus, Dowd is critiquing the morality of the Bible on the basis of a worldview that actually destroys any possibility of absolute moral norms. For a person who is quick to note inconsistencies in the Bible, he fails to see this monumental inconsistency in his own worldview.
But, the problem gets even worse for Dowd’s claims. From the very outset he said we should never have absolute authorities, but only authorities that are committed to changing and evolving. But, he violates his own principle by appealing to unchanging moral norms—like the fact that abuse, terror, and torture are “wrong”—when he critiques the contents of the Bible. He can’t have it both ways. If all authorities must evolve, then moral authorities must evolve. And if moral norms evolve, then one is left in the absurd position of saying that torture and abuse might be “good” things in a different culture or different time.
In the end, Mr. Dowd has a very contradictory and internally inconsistent worldview. On the one hand, he wants to reject all absolute authorities (like the Bible). But, then on the other hand he wants to appeal to absolute moral norms in the world. He wants to reject the dogma of the Bible, but then turns around accepts the dogma of evolution.
Mr. Dowd’s article is a great example of what happens to a worldview that rejects the Bible as the ultimate authority—it simply erects another authority in its place. All worldviews need some authority. And when God is rejected, men turn to the only place they can. Themselves. Sadly, that is the real idolatry.
For more of my critique of this article, listen to my May 8th interview on the Janet Mefferd Show:
Do Christians Make the Bible an Idol?
Excellent concise response to a crucial theological issue. It needs to be circulated more widely on (or cross-linked with) other evangelical apologetics websites, e.g. http://www.rzim.org/.
Steve MacLeod says
thank you for asking the question. For myself I have question referring to the Bible as the word of God when it does both at times. For me The Word was made flesh is a more important focus than the book called the Holy Bible. We should let the Bible describe itself.
Dowd’s support of evolution shows one thing. We have not learned from the past errors of looking to ourselves.
Paul Bassett says
Thank you, Dr. Kruger. As succinct an example of presuppositionalism as I’ve seen in a while. Calvin – and many others of us – are proud to see your expert use of it!
James Bradshaw says
“And if moral norms evolve, then one is left in the absurd position of saying that torture and abuse might be “good” things in a different culture or different time.”
John Calvin and the entire Catholic church justified exactly those things under the guise of morality and Biblical authority, didn’t they?
I’m not suggesting the Bible is worthless … it has its moments of inspiration … but it does seem that it is grossly inconsistent and often incoherent as a whole. Both Mother Teresa and Torquemada read the same Bible, didn’t they?
“Evolutionary dogma rules the modern academy with an iron fist—you can question just about anything in science except evolution itself”
evolution is about as much of a dogma in science as gravity also Michael Behe is allowed to teach an anti evolution class at his university hardly what i would call “dogma” besides a scientist would have good incentive to prove evolution to be wrong- he/she/it would get famous
“You search the Scriptures because you think that in them you have life, but it is they that testify of me.” – Jesus. Yes, the people of the Book have been making an idol of it since the Pharisees at least, and many still do today. If you don’t follow the direction of the Bible to know the God who gave it, you will likely soon make an idol of the Book and a Pharisee of yourself.